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UMLの起動 失敗編

UMLとは?

環境

実際にやった手順

  • mkdir umlディレクトリを作り,そこに移動
  • ダウンロードしたファイルを解凍し,そこに置く
  • sudo apt-get install user-mode-linuxUMLのパッケージをインストールする
  • sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configurationでキーボードを日本語にする
    • Generic 105-key(Intl)PC -Japanese
    • Japanese
    • The default for the keyboard layout
    • No compose key
    • No
  • chmod +x kernel32-4.3.5で実行権限を与える
  • ./kernel32-4.3.5 ubda=CentOS6.x-x86-root_fs mem=256MUMLを起動
    • rootでloginできる
  • linux-3.3.8に移動
  • make defconfig ARCH=umUMLのデフォルトコンフィグファイルを作成
  • sudo apt-get install libncurses5-devをインストールする
  • make menuconfig ARCH=umで必要な機能を設定するが,なにもせずExit
  • makeしてAllEnter
    • ここ長いよ
  • make -j2 ARCH=umカーネルコンパイルする
    • ここも長いよ
  • lslinuxファイルあれば成功!これが実行ファイルになる
  • いよいよ./linux ubda=../CentOS6.x-x86-root_fs mem=128MUMLを起動する.
    • はい失敗.
Console initialized on /dev/tty0
console [tty0] enabled
console [mc-1] enabled
VFS: Cannot open root device "98:0" or unknown-block(98,0)
Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions:
Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(98,0)

...

Aborted (core dumped)
  • たぶんこの辺り.

  • あとこれが1から15まである

Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
parse_chan_pair failed for device 1 : Configuration failed
  • 一応gdbfile linuxすればデバッグできるなぁ...
  • 及第点ってとこですかね.

参考サイト

今日のまとめ.

  • なにをやっても,Aborted(Core dump)になってしまう...
  • もうやってらんないっすよ!

追記

6月19日

/usr/bin/linux.umlを実行したらUML起動できた?
linux.uml ubd0=Cent0S6.x-x86-root_fs
shutdown -h nowでシャットダウンできる

参考:UMLによるはじめてのLinuxカーネルHack

kento@ubuntu:~/uml$ sudo linux-3.3.8 ubda=CentOS6.x-x86-root_fs mem=3G
Locating the bottom of the address space ... 0x0
Locating the top of the address space ... 0xc0000000
Core dump limits :
    soft - 0
    hard - NONE
Checking that ptrace can change system call numbers...OK
Checking syscall emulation patch for ptrace...OK
Checking advanced syscall emulation patch for ptrace...OK
Checking for tmpfs mount on /dev/shm...nothing mounted on /dev/shm
Checking PROT_EXEC mmap in /tmp/...OK
Checking for the skas3 patch in the host:
  - /proc/mm...not found: No such file or directory
  - PTRACE_FAULTINFO...not found
  - PTRACE_LDT...not found
UML running in SKAS0 mode
Adding 4354048 bytes to physical memory to account for exec-shield gap
CONFIG_HIGHMEM not enabled - physical memory shrunk to 3045064704 bytes
  • あとちょっとな気がする
  • いやいや,メモリ設定が多すぎって怒られてるだけw
  • linux-3.3.8/init/main.cの494行目にprintk(KERN_NOTICE "Hello, World!");を追加しmake -j 3 ARCH=umの後実行すると,
kento@ubuntu:~/uml$ ./linux-3.3.8/linux ubd0=CentOS6.x-x86-root_fs
Locating the bottom of the address space ... 0x10000
Locating the top of the address space ... 0xc0000000
Core dump limits :
    soft - 0
    hard - NONE
Checking that ptrace can change system call numbers...OK
Checking syscall emulation patch for ptrace...OK
Checking advanced syscall emulation patch for ptrace...OK
Checking for tmpfs mount on /dev/shm...nothing mounted on /dev/shm
Checking PROT_EXEC mmap in /tmp/...OK
Checking for the skas3 patch in the host:
  - /proc/mm...not found: No such file or directory
  - PTRACE_FAULTINFO...not found
  - PTRACE_LDT...not found
UML running in SKAS0 mode
Adding 11927552 bytes to physical memory to account for exec-shield gap
[    0.000000] Linux version 3.3.8 (kento@ubuntu) (gcc version 4.6.3 (Ubuntu/Linaro 4.6.3-1ubuntu5) ) #2 Sun Jun 19 11:28:47 PDT 2016
[    0.000000] Hello, World!
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 11017
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: ubd0=CentOS6.x-x86-root_fs root=98:0
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 256 (order: -2, 1024 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 29148k available
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:15
[    0.000000] Calibrating delay loop... 4780.85 BogoMIPS (lpj=23904256)
[    0.040000] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.040000] Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
[    0.040000] Checking for host processor cmov support...Yes
[    0.040000] Checking that host ptys support output SIGIO...Yes
[    0.040000] Checking that host ptys support SIGIO on close...No, enabling workaround
[    0.040000] Using 2.6 host AIO
[    0.040000] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.040000] bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
[    0.040000] Switching to clocksource itimer
[    0.040000] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.040000] IP route cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.040000] TCP established hash table entries: 2048 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.040000] TCP bind hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[    0.040000] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 2048 bind 2048)
[    0.040000] TCP reno registered
[    0.040000] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.040000] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.040000] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.040000] mconsole (version 2) initialized on /home/kento/.uml/UKlbEG/mconsole
[    0.040000] Checking host MADV_REMOVE support...
[    0.040000] MADV_REMOVE failed, err = -38
[    0.040000] Can't release memory to the host - memory hotplug won't be supported
[    0.040000] Host TLS support detected
[    0.040000] Detected host type: i386 (GDT indexes 6 to 9)
[    0.040000] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.5.2
[    0.040000] Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.040000] msgmni has been set to 56
[    0.040000] io scheduler noop registered
[    0.040000] io scheduler deadline registered
[    0.040000] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    0.040000] TCP cubic registered
[    0.040000] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[    0.040000] Initialized stdio console driver
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 1 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 2 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 3 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 4 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 5 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 6 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 7 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 8 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 9 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 10 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 11 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 12 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 13 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 14 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Using a channel type which is configured out of UML
[    0.040000] parse_chan_pair failed for device 15 : Configuration failed
[    0.040000] Console initialized on /dev/tty0
[    0.040000] console [tty0] enabled
[    0.040000] console [mc-1] enabled
[    0.040000] VFS: Cannot open root device "98:0" or unknown-block(98,0)
[    0.040000] Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions:
[    0.040000] Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(98,0)
[    0.040000] 0a45cef4:  [<081c1bc3>] dump_stack+0x1c/0x20
[    0.040000] 0a45cf0c:  [<081c1c4a>] panic+0x62/0x14a
[    0.040000] 0a45cf24:  [<08049912>] mount_block_root+0x1d8/0x1ee
[    0.040000] 0a45cf7c:  [<08049974>] mount_root+0x4c/0x54
[    0.040000] 0a45cfa0:  [<08049a8f>] prepare_namespace+0x113/0x13a
[    0.040000] 0a45cfa8:  [<08049674>] kernel_init+0xf9/0xfe
[    0.040000] 0a45cfb8:  [<0805fa13>] run_kernel_thread+0x38/0x41
[    0.040000] 0a45cfe4:  [<080583b1>] new_thread_handler+0x8a/0xb6
[    0.040000] 0a45cffc:  [<00000000>] 0x0
[    0.040000]
[    0.040000]
[    0.040000] EIP: 0073:[<b7744428>] CPU: 0 Not tainted ESP: 007b:bff6fc48 EFLAGS: 00000296
[    0.040000]     Not tainted
[    0.040000] EAX: 00000000 EBX: 000070e5 ECX: 00000013 EDX: 000070e5
[    0.040000] ESI: 000070e1 EDI: 0000001c EBP: bff6fc74 DS: 007b ES: 007b
[    0.040000] 0a45ce84:  [<08064346>] show_regs+0xc5/0xcb
[    0.040000] 0a45ceb0:  [<0805a2fb>] panic_exit+0x23/0x39
[    0.040000] 0a45cec4:  [<0807e7b0>] notifier_call_chain+0x25/0x4a
[    0.040000] 0a45ceec:  [<0807e803>] atomic_notifier_call_chain+0x15/0x17
[    0.040000] 0a45cefc:  [<081c1c62>] panic+0x7a/0x14a
[    0.040000] 0a45cf24:  [<08049912>] mount_block_root+0x1d8/0x1ee
[    0.040000] 0a45cf7c:  [<08049974>] mount_root+0x4c/0x54
[    0.040000] 0a45cfa0:  [<08049a8f>] prepare_namespace+0x113/0x13a
[    0.040000] 0a45cfa8:  [<08049674>] kernel_init+0xf9/0xfe
[    0.040000] 0a45cfb8:  [<0805fa13>] run_kernel_thread+0x38/0x41
[    0.040000] 0a45cfe4:  [<080583b1>] new_thread_handler+0x8a/0xb6
[    0.040000] 0a45cffc:  [<00000000>] 0x0
[    0.040000]
Aborted (core dumped)
  • HelloWorldは実行されてるらしい
  • この形式はなに…?

  • これ,成功編のブログ書けるのかな…

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